What is pigmentation?


Pigmentation is a condition in which the skin gets an unexplainable change in color or gets discolored. In general, it’s a term used to describe darkening or lightening spots or patches or uneven skin tone. Basically, skin gets its color from pigment, melanin that is produced by melanocyte cells. Pigmentation can be an effect of genetics or by a variety of factors that disrupt melanin production, causing skin color to appear abnormal or uneven.

Types of Pigmentation:

  • Pigmentation of the skin can be of various kinds depending on the factors and melanin disturbance. Generally, we have three:
  • Depigmentation– due to loss of skin pigment
  • Hypopigmentation– due to low production of pigment (Melanin)
  • Vitiligo
  • Pityriasis Alba
  • Albinism
  • Hyperpigmentation- due to excessive production of pigment
  • Freckles
  • solar lentigines
  • Age spots
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation

Symptoms of skin pigmentation

Generally, anybody can recognize pigmented skin. An uneven skin color is noticeable to all. It is not harmful but embarrassing for people to have spots or patches on their skin. People seek the advice of a skin professional to remove skin pigmentation. If you have symptoms of pigmentation on your skin, then you must contact a skin doctor.

  • • Random loss of skin color
  • • Premature whitening of hair
  • • Dry or flaky skin
  • • Redness over the skin
  • • Flat, tan, brown spots inside the mouth or genital area
  • • Darkened or lightened patches on forehead, nose, and hand
  • • Swelling or blisters

Risk factors and causes of skin pigmentation:

Skin discoloration can affect small or large areas of skin, and conditions can become irregular, necessitating medical attention.

Pigmentation on the skin can occur for a variety of reasons, both external and internal. It could also be hereditary and, if not, then surely a sign of unhealthy skin.

The most common cause of pigmented skin is

  • ultra-violet rays of sunlight.
  • Skin pigmentation can also be caused by hormonal changes, especially in women.
  • Use of drugs or certain medication
  • Beauty products 

Diagnosis and Treatment of Pigmentation:

Although a common man can diagnose skin pigmentation simply by looking at skin color. But medically, an expert confirms skin pigmentation by performing a biopsy or some tests to confirm the main cause of pigmentation on the skin. Genuine diagnosis helps physicians to facilitate suitable treatment.

There are several home remedies that people try at home, like apple cider vinegar, aloe Vera, red onion, green tea extract, and many others. However, these methods can also be useful. Nevertheless, practitioners can suggest some other treatment or can perform laser treatment, phototherapy, medication therapy, etc.

Prevention of Pigmentation:

If not hereditary, then besides any specific medication, sunlight is the major cause of pigmentation. UV rays can disrupt melanin production by skin cells and cause discoloration. If you do have pigmentation on your skin, then it doesn’t mean you can’t get this disorder. You must keep an eye on your skin’s health.

• Escape from UV rays

• Apply sunscreen before coming into contact with sunlight.

• Try to wear full body clothes and big hats in open areas

• Rehydrate your skin on a regular basis.

• Use suitable skin type beauty products

• Use lightening creams with SPF protection

Get a free consultation:

‘Free of cost consultation’. Yes, you read it right. Vedascure is giving free consultations about skin pigmentation and other diseases. Vedascure is one of the best places where you get top experienced professionals to prescribe you.

If you are one of them facing trouble with your pigmented skin, then take early action and you have a chance to get the best consultation for free.

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