Melasma is a term used to describe a common skin problem causing discoloration or dark patches. Also called Chloasma and Mask of the pregnancy when it occurs to pregnant women. It is also a kind of hyperpigmentation caused due to the disruption of melanin production. Mostly common in pregnant women due to hormonal changes, people have naturally brown skin or tan easily, and rarely in men.
Types of Melasma:
It can be divided into three categories based on the increased level of melanin in the skin:
Epidermal-causes brown patches with well-defined borders.
Dermal-Characterized by light brown patches or spots with a less pronounced border.
Mixed type-Commonly, a combination of light and brown patches with bluish discoloration.
Symptoms of Melasma:
The mainly recognizable symptom of melasma is the darkening of skin color. Melasma doesn’t cause harm physically, but it is good to take professional advice to get rid of it early. A healthy skin is a good thing for a healthy body and life. If you have symptoms of melasma, then get a consultation from a skin expert.
- Unreasonable discoloration of skin color
- Symmetrical dark spots
- Losing of face or chin colour
- Darkening of cheeks, forehead or nose skin
- Unmatching skin color of neck and forearm
Risk factors and causes:
Melasma is caused by a variety of factors, none of which are entirely clear, and it mainly affects people with brown or fair skin. Although it doesn’t do any harm to a person, as well as patches and spots on the face or hands, it can get over all the skin. It is good to cure it in time.
The cause of melasma may include some hereditary reasons, hormonal sensitivity or several other environmental factors. Generally, we have several sorts of causes for melasma:
- UV rays, one of the most noticeable causes
- Estrogen and progesterone sensitivity
- Stress and thyroid diseases
- Use of cosmetic products
- Hepatic disorders
Diagnosis and treatment of Melasma:
Melasma is commonly manifested by dark patches on the skin.Medical experts frequently use the Wood’s Light test for melasma to determine the root cause. Although a biopsy is also suggestable.
Melasma can ultimately fade away after the end of the pregnancy period in a woman. Nonetheless, it can last a lifetime for some people. Home remedies like aloe vera, polypodium leucotomos, glutathione etc. can work fortunately and sometimes not. The specialist treatment can include hydroquinone, corticosteroid and tretinoin and others.
Prevention of melasma:
Melasma can develop at any age for a variety of reasons if it is not inherited. It’s a good to keep preventions:
- Daily sunscreen will help
- Escape from UV rays
- Outdoor hats and protective clothes will keep skin safe from exposure to direct sunlight
- Gentle skin care, suitable for skin type
- Change contraceptives if a hormonal change occurs
Get a free consultation:
If you are the one facing melasma, then call now and ‘Get a free consultation’ from Vedas Cure. Vedascure, a leading place, has experienced specialists who are waiting for your call to consult you absolutely free.