Basically, hyperpigmentation is a medical term used to describe darker patches of skin. Melanocyte cells are in charge of producing melanin, the skin pigment that gives our skin its color. In hyperpigmentation, melanin production gets disturbed and cells start to form excess melanin that causes the skin to look dark or like having dark spots and patches.
Types of Hyperpigmentation:
In general, it can be of several types:
- Age spots, also known as liver spots or solar lentigines, are common on the face and hands.
- Melasma, also known as chloasma or the pregnancy mask, primarily affects the face, forehead, back, and stomach.
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation -Dark patches usually on the face or neck, after any inflammatory skin condition
- Freckles are small spots on the skin that are mostly hereditary and affect the puberty age.
Symptoms of Hyperpigmentation:
Generally, dark patches, spots and darker skin represent a condition of hyperpigmentation. It doesn’t harm physically, but having embarrassing skin causes people to feel uncomfortable. If you have symptoms of hyperpigmentation, it is best to consult with a skin expert.
- Darkening of skin unreasonably
- Change in skin color of upper lips, cheeks, forehead, and forearm
- Flaky skin
- Brown or black patches that are round, oval, or underlined
- Even in the mouth, genital area, or nails, there is a flat, tan brown, or black area.
Risk factors and causes of Hyperpigmentation:
Immoderate production of melanin is the main cause of hyperpigmentation on the skin. Although it is not painful or harmful, it is a good idea to get treated and remove it from the skin early. Skin types with a higher melanin content are more vulnerable.
It can affect all skin types. One of the main causes of getting hyper pigmentation is UV rays or exposure to direct sunlight. Other reasons can include genetics, some medical conditions, disorders like Addison’s disease.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Hyperpigmentation
Dark patches directly indicated the presence of hyperpigmentation on a local level. However, doctors use biopsy or other tests, such as the Wood’s light test, to get to the bottom of the cause of hyperpigmentation.
To treat skin pigmentation, several popular home remedies such as apple cider vinegar, aloe Vera, red onion extract, and green tea extract are commonly used. Medically, experts do treatment with face acids, retinoid, chemical peel, laser peel etc.
Prevention of Hyperpigmentation:
It is good to have healthy skin and if you have it, it is awesome. But that doesn’t mean you can’t get this disorder. Take some prevention tips:
- Avoid direct contact with sunlight
- Use suitable skin type beauty products
- Keep skin hydrated
- Apply SPF protection for UV rays
- Use anti-inflammatory skin care activities
Get a free consultation for hyperpigmentation:
Vedascure has been serving patients with satisfaction for many years and has the best quality medical experts. If you are in trouble with hyperpigmentation, then call now and ‘Get a free consultation’ from specialist skin experts of Vedas Cure.
Book your Appointment for pigmentation treatment