Pigmentation is the discoloration of the skin. The normal skin color is the result of the pigment called melanin. It is solely responsible for the coloration of the skin. Alteration in the production or release of the hormone may result in pigmentation on the skin. It alters the physical appearance of the individual since these patches may also develop on the areas of skin that are exposed like the face, hands, legs, etc.
People try various methods or procedures to overcome the problem of pigmentation. There are indeed various methods and medications for the treatment of pigmentation. But it also has various side effects.
After the laser technique became familiar to people, most people started to opt for laser removal of pigmentation. It proved to be a boon in the medical field but there are various side effects associated with laser therapy.
There are the following side effects associated with the laser removal of pigmentation:
- After exposure to the laser therapy, the skin becomes reddish. It takes time to become normal.
- The area of the skin pigmentation becomes inflamed. Swelling is observed in the exposed region.
- Laser therapy has a negative impact on height. The laser, if exposed to people in the adolescent period causes stunted growth. The height stops to grow and the individual remains short heighted.
- The effect of laser therapy remains only for a period of time. Later on, pigmentation starts to appear on the skin.
- Once the therapy is stopped, patches start to appear again. Withdrawal patches are seen on the skin.
- The laser is very harmful for women during pregnancy or lactation period. It has a negative effect on the fetus and the baby. It is best to be avoided in pregnancy and lactation.
- The effect of laser therapy neutralizes with the growing age and direct exposure to the UV-rays of the sun.
- The skin after the laser treatment becomes very sensitive. It shows high sensitivity to the light, sun, hot weather, and cold weather.
- Laser therapy is costly when compared to ayurvedic treatment of pigmentation.
- This process time-consuming. It takes a lot of time for a patch to fade off. The laser therapy lasts for 8 months to 14 months depending on the patches and areas involved.
- Grade II to grade III acne is observed in people undergoing laser therapy.
- The color of the skin becomes a tone darker after exposing the skin to laser therapy.