How do I know that I have pigmentation or hyperpigmentation? This is one major question that arises in our minds about hearing pigmentation. So, since the pigmentation is a skin disorder, it is very much visible in various forms. Its most common form is when it appears as darkened spots or patches on the skin which makes it looks uneven. These spots are known to age spots or sunspots. Pigmentation has its own kinds and types.it varies in terms of shades and state of the skin.
These spots could vary according to the situation as in:
Melasma which is a skin disorder, one suffering from Melasma can witness dark brownish discoloured patches on face. This disorder causes due to hormonal changes during pregnancy or due to sun exposure. So, women are more prone to this disorder.
Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation is a temporary kind of pigmentation in which one can witness dark spots followed after any kind of injury, acne or inflammatory skin disorders like dermatitis. It is likely to appear on place of injury and can get darker if exposed to sunlight. It is more prone to happen in people with darker tone of skin than with lighter skin colours. It could be the result of certain medicines or drugs also such as clofazimine, tetracycline, bleomycin, etc. Excessive use of makeup or use of inappropriate or expired products can also damage our skin resulting in redness and rashes.
Vitamin and Iron deficiency also leads to pigmentation. Deficiency of B-9 and B-12 can lead to dull, dark and patchy skin. It could be due to insufficient intake or vegetables and fruits or due to genetics also. Along with vitamins, Iron deficient person or anaemic person also experience hyperpigmentation. Studies have also observed that excess amount of Iron also affects our liver and it can also leads to darker skin colour.
Diseases like eczema, diabetes, thyroid and obesity also have their very own pigmentations which can last for months or even years. Eczema can cause darker brown, purple or grey patches which can last even after treatment. Diabetic Dermopathy or diabetic shin spots are common dermatologic effect of diabetes. Yellow, reddish, brown swollen or hard skin pigmentation is a symptom of diabetes also. Hormonal changes due to Thyroid could lead to Melasma also, thus leading to serious patches on skin. Darkened skin could also be a result of increase in melanin due to increased insulin in obese people.
Along with above mentioned symptoms and reasons, There are many more symptoms and reasons which lead to hyperpigmentation. Darkening of skin, redness, swelling and inflammation are general symptoms of pigmentation. These symptoms will only make us aware with the existence of this disorder. But it is our duty or necessity to be sure about its existence and its cause as it can itself be a symptom also. It is harmless unless it is not any symptom. We should never ignore it. It can be diagnosed easily with the skin specialists or dermatologists.