Pigmentation commonly known as JHAI is a common skin disorder. It causes change in our skin color resulting in dark spots or patches. We can witness these spots on various sites of our face like near cheekbones, eyebrows, forehead, nose, etc. The scientific term used for pigmentation leading to these dark spots is Hyperpigmentation. There are several types of it.
Now the question is why do we have pigmentation or why do we have jhai? So, basically these spots or patches occur due to increase in the Melanin which is the natural pigment that gives the basic color to our skin, eyes and hair. It is the melanin which decides our skin tone and increasing in its amount at certain points leads to the darkening of that particular area. Amount of Melanin in our body can vary because of various reasons; it could be Sunburn or sun tan, hormonal issues, ageing and inflammation which could be possibly due to acne or allergies. These spots are generally harmless if they have occurred because of the above mentioned reasons but if not than these could also be signs or symptoms of some underlying medical issues or could be due to the side effects of certain medicines.
Most common reasons of pigmentation on face
Most common reasons of pigmentation which lead to this problem to majority of population are:
- Sun Exposure: Exposure to sun acts as a major factor which adds to the risk of pigmentation. People with sun sensitive skin experience the redness of skin from acute to severe level. In tropical regions like India, excessive heat and sun rays increases the chance of sun tan or sun burn.
- Inflammation: Another cause of pigmentation could be the inflammation or post inflammation due to acne or some injury which leads to the discoloration of that particular area. Acne is the most common reason behind it. Many people experience acne on their face in their life span which leads to redness on the face. Unnecessarily pricking the acne on touching it could lead to brownish spots on that place later on.
- Ageing: Age is another major factor of pigmentation. Over a period of time our body undergoes major changes. The change could be hormonal as one experience during pregnancy, loosening of skin and blood impurities.
These are some common reasons of pigmentation which are generally experienced by many. The effect though varies from person to person.
Pigmentation of face could be temporary or permanent depending upon the person and skin type. Though it is curable, we can get rid of pigmentation by adopting various methods and techniques available. But along with that we need to keep one thing in mind that is our face falls into the category of one of the most delicate part in terms of sensitivity of skin. So we cannot experiment and take risk with it as there is always a possibility that it could harm our face resulting in even more severe situation which is undesirable.